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Thursday, 28 April 2016


ChemSpider 2D Image | Cymipristone | C34H43NO2

Estra-4,9-dien-3-one, 11-[4-(cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)-, (11β,17β)-
11 β - [4- (Ν- -N- methyl-cyclohexylamino)] -17 α - (1- propynyl) -17 β - hydroxy estra-4,9-dien-3-one
  • Estra-4,9-dien-3-one, 11-[4-(cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propynyl)-, (11β,17β)- (9CI)
  • (11β,17β)-11-[4-(Cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)estra-4,9-dien-3-one
  • Saimisitong
NDA Filed china
A progesterone receptor antagonist potentially for termination of intrauterine pregnancy.

CAS No.329971-40-6
  • Molecular FormulaC34H43NO2
  • Average mass497.711 Da
  • Steroid Compounds, a Method for Preparation thereof, Pharmaceutical Compositions Containing the Same and Use thereof
  • This invention relates to steroid compounds and pharmaceutical acceptable salts thereof, a method for preparation thereof, pharmaceutical compositions containing the same as active component, and their use in the preparation of medicines for treating diseases associated with progestogen dependence and for fertility control, abortion or contraception and for anticancer use.
  • Mifepristone (11β-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is a steroid compound which is disclosed in French Patent No. 2,497,807 to Rousell-Uclaf, published May 31, 1983. It is the first progesterone receptor antagonist put into clinical application and is a new type of anti-progestin. It binds to progesterone receptor and glucocorticoid receptor, having an affinity with progesterone receptor in rabbit endometrium five-fold higher than that of progesterone and thereby having strong anti-progesterone effect. It causes degeneration of pregnant villus tissue and decidual tissue, endogenous prostaglandin (PG) release, luteinizing hormone decrease, corpus luteum dissolution, and necrosis of embryo sac whose development depends on corpus luteum, leading to abortion. Therefore, it can be used as a non-surgical medicine for stopping early pregnancy. It can also be used, inter alia, in contraception and as an antineoplastic. (The Antiprogestin Steroid Ru486 and Human Fertility Control, 1985, New York: Plenum Press) .
  • Onapristone (11β-[4-(N,N-diemthylamino)phenyl]-17α-hydroxy-17β-(3-hydroxypropyl)-13α-4,9-estradiene-3-one), is a steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,321,826 to Schering AG, published Dec. 20, 1984. It has a strong antiprogestin activity and can be used in abortion (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gyencology, 1987, 157:1065-1074), anticancer (Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 1989, 14:275-288), etc. It was reported that onapristone had toxicity to human liver (European Journal of Cancer, 1999, 35(2):214-218).
  • Lilopristone (11β-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino) phenyl]-17α-[3-hydroxy-1(Z)-propenyl]-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is a steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,347,126 to Schering AG, published July 11, 1985. It has a strong antiprogestin activity and can be used in abortion, contraception (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gyencology, 1987, 157:1065-1074), etc. It was reported that the clinical effect of lilopristone in stopping early pregnancy was only equivalent to that of mifepristone (Human Reproduction, 1994, 9(1):57-63).
  • ZK112993 (11β-(4-acetylphenyl)-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is as steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,504,421 to Schering AG, published Aug. 7, 1986. It has a potent antiprogestin activity and can be used in, inter alia, anticancer (Anticancer Res., 1990, 10:683-688).
  • In European Patent No. 321,010 to Akzo NV, The Netherland published June 21, 1989 are disclosed "11-arylsteroid compounds" having a strong antiprogestin activity.

WO 2001018026
Figure 80000001
The preparation method of the present invention includes the following single- or multi-step procedures:
1. Method for the preparation of 11β-[4-(N-methyl-N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (IV) which includes the following steps:
(1) Preparation of Grignard reagent (III)
Figure 00050001
4-bromo-N-methyl-N-cyclohexylaniline (II) is reacted with magnesium in tetrahydrofuran (THF) to obtain Grignard reagent of formula (III).
(2) C11 additive reaction
Figure 00050002
Compound of formula (IV) and the Grignard reagent of formula (III) prepared in step (1) are brought to an additive reaction to obtain compound of formula (V).
(3) Hydrolytic reaction
Figure 00050003
The compound of formula (V) prepared in step (2) is subjected to a hydrolytic reaction to obtain compound of form (VI).
2. Method for preparation of 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI) which includes the following steps:
(1) Preparation of Grignard reagent of formula (IX)
Figure 00060001
4-bromo-N-cyclohexylaniline (VII) is first protected by trimethylchlorosilane, then reacted with magnesium in THF to obtain Grignard reagent of formula (IX).
(2) C11 additive reaction
Figure 00060002
Compound of formula (IV) and the Grignard reagent of formula (IX) prepared in step (1) are brought to an additive reaction to obtain compound of formula (X).
(3) Hydrolytic reaction
Figure 00060003
The compound of formula (X) prepared in step (2) is subjects to a hydrolytic reaction to obtain compound of formula (XI).

Example 2:
      Preparation of 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI)(1) Preparation of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenyl magnesium bromide (IX)
    • Figure 00170001
    • 9g 4-bromo-N-cyclohexylaniline (VII) (CA registration number [113388-04-8], see Synthetic Communications, 1986, 16(13): 1641-1645 for its preparation) was placed into a four-necked flask and 15 ml (1.5 mol/L) n-BuLi solution in n-hexane. The mixture was stirred for 30 min at room temperature. Then 8 g trimethylsilyl chloride (Me3SiCl) was added and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. Solvent and excessive Me3SiCl was evaporated under reduced pressure to yield 4-bromo-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylaniline) (VIII) which was formulated into a solution with 7.5 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran for further use.
    • 1.3 g magnesium was placed into a four-necked flask and a small amount of the above solution was added dropwise and slowly at 40°C. After completion of addition, the temperature was kept for 1 hour to yield a solution of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenylmagnesium bromide (IX) in tetrahydrofuran for further use.
(2) Preparation of 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5α,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cylohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene(X).
Figure 00180001
      5g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,10-epoxy-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-9(11)-estrene (IV) was placed into a four-necked flask and 10 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran and a catalytic amount of cuprous chloride (Cu2Cl2) added. Then solution of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenyl magnesium bromide (IX) in tetrahydrofuran was added dropwise and slowly while controlling the temperature below 5°C. After completion of addition, the mixture was allowed to react for 2 hours at room temperature and to stand overnight. Saturated ammonium chloride aqueous solution was added and the tetrahydrofuran layer separated which was washed with saturated ammonium chloride solution. The solution in tetrahydrofuran was washed with saturated saline and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Evaporation of tetrahydrofuran under reduced pressure yielded a residual which was chromatographed on silica gel column using cyclohexane: acetone (5:1) as developing agent to yield 3 g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5α,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene(X).
    • IR (KBr) cm-1: 3420 (C5, C17-OH), 1610, 1510 (benzene backbone), 840, 808 (ArH).
      1H NMR (CDCl3) δ ppm: 0.52(3H, S, C13-CH3), 2.72(3H, S, N-CH3), 3.92(4H, m, -O-CH2CH2-O-), 4.24(1H, m, C11-H), 6.65-7.00 (4H, ArH).
(3) Preparation of 11β- [4- (N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl] -17α- (1-propinyl) -17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI).
Figure 00190001
    1.5g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene (X) and 0.75 g para-toluenesulfonic acid (PTS) were dissolved in 15 ml 90 % ethanol (v/v). The mixture was stirred for 2 hours while controlling the temperature at 40°C-50°C. After completion of the reaction, the reactant was poured into diluted sodium hydroxide aqueous solution, extracted with dichloroethane, washed with water to neutrality, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Evaporation of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel column using cyclohexane: ethyl acetate (5:1) as developing agent yielded 0.9 g 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI).
  • IR (KBr) cm-1: 3400 (C17-OH), 1658 (unsaturated ketone), 1613, 1514 (benzene backbone), 865, 810 (ArH).
    1H NMR (CDCl3) δ ppm: 0.50 (3H, S, C13-CH3), 1.76 (3H, S, C≡C-CH3), 4.32(1H, S, C11-H), 5.75(1H, S, C4-H), 6.9-7.10 (4H, ArH).

Example 1
Race meters mifepristone synthetic routes:
Epoxy adduct match rice mifepristone
(N- hexylamino methylcyclohexyl) phenyl magnesium bromide (1) 4-
In the four-necked flask, 1.4 g of magnesium into pieces (Mg) and 10 ml of anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF), no iodine or add a little change, at about 50 ° C, a solution of 10.86 g of 4-bromo-methyl -N- cyclohexyl aniline (dissolved in 24 ml of anhydrous tetrahydrofuran) dropwise Bi, incubation was continued for 1 hour with stirring to give 4- (N- methyl-cyclohexylamino) phenyl magnesium bromide tetrahydrofuran solution (to be used in the next step an addition reaction ).
(2) 3,3-ethylenedioxy -5 α, 17 β - dihydroxy -11 β - [4- (Ν- methyl -Ν- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α - (1- propyl block-yl) -9 (10) - Preparation of estra-ene (adduct) of
In the four-necked flask, into 5 g of 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,10-epoxy -17 α - (1- propynyl) - 17 (3 - hydroxy - 9 (11) - estra-ene (epoxy), 29.1 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 0.1 g cuprous chloride (of Cu 2 of Cl 2 ), a solution of 4- (N- methyl -N-cyclohexylamino) phenyl magnesium bromide tetrahydrofuran
Nan solution, temperature control 5. C, the drop was completed, the incubation was continued for 5 hours, the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was poured into saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, points to the water layer, the organic layer was washed with saturated ammonium chloride solution, the aqueous layer extracted with ethyl acetate number times, the organic layers combined, washed with saturated aqueous sodium chloride, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure, a silica gel column, eluent cyclohexane: acetone = (5: 1) to give 3,3-ethylene dioxo -5 α, 17 β - dihydroxy -11 β - [4- (- methyl -Ν- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α - (1- propynyl) -9 (10) - female steroidal women (adduct) solid 6 grams.
IR. 'KBi cm- ^ SlS OI ^ ^ -OH lS jSlS benzene backbone), 819 (aromatic hydrogen). NMR Ή: (CDC1 3 ) ppm by [delta]: 0.47 (3H, the S, the C IR CH 3 ), 1.88 (3H, the S, the C ≡ the C-CH 3 ), 2.72 (3H, the S, the N-CH 3 ), 6.65- 7.03 (4H, ArH) O
(3) 11 β - [4- (N- methyl -N- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α - (1- propynyl) -17 β - hydroxy-estra-4,9-diene - Preparation of 3-one (match rice mifepristone) of
'2.5 g of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTS) and 5 grams of 3,3-ethylenedioxythiophene -5 α, 17 β - dihydroxy -11 β - [4- (Ν- methyl cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α - (1- propynyl) -9 (10) - estra-ene (adduct) was dissolved in 50 ml of ethanol 90% (V / V), and at 5 ° C - 40 ° C the reaction was stirred 3 hours, the reaction solution was poured into dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, the precipitated solid was suction filtered, washed with water until neutral, the filter cake was dissolved in 50 ml of ethyl acetate, then with saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution to the water layer was evaporated part of the solvent, the precipitated solid was suction filtered, and dried to give a pale yellow solid 11 β - [4- (Ν- -N- methyl-cyclohexylamino)] -17 α - (1- propynyl) -17 β - hydroxy estra-4,9-dien-3-one (match rice mifepristone) 3 grams.
^ Cm & lt IRCKB 1 : 3447 (the C . 17 -OH), among 1655 (unsaturated ketone), 1607,1513 (benzene backbone), 865,819 (aromatic hydrogen).
NMR ¾: (CDC1 3 ) ppm by [delta]: 0.56 (3H, the S 5 the C 13 -CH 3 ), 1.89 (3H, the S 5 -C ≡ the C-the CH3), 2.74 (3H, the S, the N-the CH3), 4.34 ( lH, the S, the C N -H), 5.75 (lH, the S, the C 4 -H), 6.68-6.99 (4H, ArH).
Volume 878, Issues 7–8, 1 March 2010, Pages 719–723

Determination of cymipristone in human plasma by liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry



A rapid, specific and sensitive liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for determination of cymipristone in human plasma. Mifepristone was used as the internal standard (IS). Plasma samples were deproteinized using methanol. The compounds were separated on a ZORBAX SB C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm i.d., dp 1.8 μm) with gradient elution at a flow-rate of 0.3 ml/min. The mobile phase consisted of 10 mM ammonium acetate and acetonitrile. The detection was performed on a triple-quadruple tandem mass spectrometer by selective reaction monitoring (SRM) mode via electrospray ionization. Target ions were monitored at [M+H]+m/z 498 → 416 and 430 → 372 in positive electrospray ionization (ESI) mode for cymipristone and IS, respectively. Linearity was established for the range of concentrations 0.5–100 ng/ml with a coefficient correlation (r) of 0.9996. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was identifiable and reproducible at 0.5 ng/ml. The validated method was successfully applied to study the pharmacokinetics of cymipristone in healthy Chinese female subjects.
CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS, vol. 115, no. 25, 23 December 1991 (1991-12-23) Columbus, Ohio, US; abstract no. 270851g, X. ZHAO ET AL.: "Synthesis and terminating early pregnancy effect of mifepristone derivatives" page 117; XP002219009 & ZHONGGUO YAOKE DAXUE XUEBAO, vol. 22, no. 3, 1991, pages 133-136,
//////////Cymipristone, Saimisitong, NDA Filed , china, Shanghai Siniwest Pharmaceutical Chemical Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Zhongxi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Xianju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd,

энкломифен Enclomiphene citrate إينكلوميفان

Enclomiphene citrate
NDA FILED Hypogonadism, Repros Therapeutics
An estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist potentially for treatment of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.

ICI-46476; RMI-16289
CAS No.15690-57-0(free)
7599-79-3(Enclomiphene citrate)
Molecular Weight598.08
Ethanamine, 2-[4-[(1E)-2-chloro-1,2-diphenylethenyl]phenoxy]-N,N-diethyl-, 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate (1:1)
  • Ethanamine, 2-[4-(2-chloro-1,2-diphenylethenyl)phenoxy]-N,N-diethyl-, (E)-, 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate (1:1)
  • Triethylamine, 2-[p-(2-chloro-1,2-diphenylvinyl)phenoxy]-, citrate (1:1), (E)-
  • (E)-Clomiphene citrate
  • Androxal
  • Clomiphene B citrate
  • Enclomid
  • Enclomiphene citrate
  • trans-Clomiphene citrate
Clomifene is a mixture of two geometric isomers, enclomifene (E-clomifene) and zuclomifene (Z-clomifene). These two isomers have been found to contribute to the mixed estrogenic and anti-estrogenic properties of clomifene.


Preparation of trans-clomiphene citrate from
1- {4- [2-(Oiethylamino)ethoxy| phenylj-1 ,2-diphenylethanol
[0023] l-{4-[2-(Diethylamino)ethoxy]phenyl}-l,2-diphenylethanol (6) dissolved in ethanol containing an excess of hydrogen chloride was refluxed 3 hours at 50 °C. The solvent and excess hydrogen chloride were removed under vacuum and the residue was dissolved in dichloromethane. 2-{4-[(Z)-l,2-diphenylvinyl]phenoxy}-N,N- diethylethanaminium hydrogen chloride (7) was obtained.
The hydrochloride salt (7) solution obtained above was treated with 1.05 equivalents of N-chlorosuccinimide and stirred at room temperature for about 20 hours. Completion of the reaction was confirmed by HPLC. The hydrochloride salt was converted to the free base by addition of saturated aqueous bicarbonate solution. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes after which the phases were separated and the organic phase was evaporated in vacuo. 2-{4-[2-chloro-l,2- diphenylvinyl]phenoxy}-N,N-diethylethanamine (clomiphene -1.8:1 E:Z mixture) (8) was obtained.
 Separation of clomiphene isomers
Clomiphene (8) obtained above is dissolved in methanol and racemic binaphthyl- phosphoric acid (BPA) is added under stirring. When the precipitate begins separating from the solution, stirring is stopped and the mixture is allowed to settle at room temperature for 2 hours. The precipitate is filtered, washed with methanol and ether and dried. Trans-clomiphene-BPA salt (3) is obtained.
 The enclomiphene-BPA salt (3) obtained above is extracted with ethyl acetate and NH3 solution. To the organic solution washed with water and dried, citric acid dissolved in ethanol is added. The solution is allowed to settle for about one hour at room temperature; the precipitate is then filtered and dried under vacuum. The obtained precipitate, trans-clomiphene citrate (1) is dissolved in 2-butanone for storage.
Synthesis of Clomiphene Using a Single Solvent
 Step 1 - Dehydration of l-i4-r2-(Diethylamino)ethoxy1phenyl|-l,2- diphenylefhanol to form 2-{4-[(Z)-l,2-diphenylvinyllphenoxy}-N,N-diethylethanaminium hydrogen sulfate (7) [0030] The synthesis route described in Example 1 utilized HC1 for the dehydration step and utilized ethanol at 50 °C as the solvent. Sulfuric acid was investigated as an alternative to HC1 for the dehydration step (as described in Example 1) in part due to the more favorable corrosion profile of sulfuric acid. Dichloromethane (methylene chloride) was investigated as an alternative solvent for the dehydration step as this would render removal of the ethanol solvent prior to the chlorination step unnecessary.
 A 100 mL 3-neck round bottom flask, fitted with a temperature probe and a stir bar, was charged with l- {4-[2-(Diethylamino)ethoxy]phenyl}-l,2-diphenylethanol (6) (6.60 g, 16.9 mmol) and 66 mL (lxlO3 mmol) of methylene chloride to give a yellow solution which was cooled in an ice bath to 0 °C. Concentrated sulfuric acid (H2S04, 0.96 mL, 18.1 mmol) was added at a rate such that the internal temperature did not exceed 5 °C. Upon completion of the addition, the mixture was allowed to stir one hour at ambient temperature. Completion of the reaction was confirmed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The reaction resulted in 7.96 grams of 2- (4-[(Z)- 1 ,2- diphenylvinyl]phenoxy}-N,N-diethylethanaminium hydrogen sulfate (7), a yield of 100%. Thus, sulfuric acid was demonstrated to be a suitable acid for the dehydration step.
[0042] Using these HPLC conditions, starting material has a retention time of 3.30 min and product has a retention time of 4.05 min.
It was determined that removal of water produced by the dehydration reaction was important before performing the chlorination step. When ethanol is used as the solvent for this reaction, as in Example 1, the water is removed azeotropically upon removal of the ethanol. Several methods of drying the dichloromethane solution were attempted. Drying with MgS04 had a deleterious effect on the subsequent chlorination step, rendering the chlorination process very messy with a number of new impurities observed following HPLC analysis which were determined to be the corresponding chlorohydrins. On the other hand, a wash with brine was sufficient to remove enough water and had no deleterious effect on the chlorination step. Accordingly, the solution was stirred vigorously with brine (66 ml) for 30 minutes and then the phases were separated prior to chlorination step.
 Step 2- Synthesis of 2-|4-r2-chloro-L2-diphenylvinyl1phenoxyl-N,N- diethylethanamine 8
The solution of 2-{4-[(Z)-l,2-diphenylvinyl]phenoxy}-N,N-diethylethanaminium hydrogen sulfate (7.94 grams) in methylene chloride obtained in step 1 is stirred at room temperature and treated with N-chlorosuccinimide (2.37 g, 17.7 mmol, 1.05 equivalents) in a single portion and left to stir at room temperature for 12 hours. The yellow solution became orange and then went back to yellow. After 12 hours, a sample was removed, concentrated and assayed by HPLC to confirm the extent of reaction. HPLC analysis revealed that the reaction had proceeded but not to completion. Accordingly, an additional 0.09 equivalents of N-chlorosuccinimide (203 mg, 1.52 mmol) was added and the solution stirred at room temperature for an additional 4 hours. The reaction was again assayed by HPLC which revealed that the reaction was near completion. Accordingly, an additional 0.09 equivalents of N-chlorosuccinimide (203 mg, 1.52 mmol) was added and the solution stirred for an additional 12 hours at room temperature. The reaction was again assayed by HPLC and an additional 0.058 equivalents of N-chlorosuccinimide (131 mg, 0.98 mmol) was added and the solution stirred for an additional 4 hours. HPLC indicated that the reaction was complete at that point. The reaction was carefully quenched by slow addition of 66 mL (600 mmol) of saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution and the quenched mixture was stirred for 30 minutes at room temperature - the reaction mixture pH should be about 8-9 after addition of saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution. The reaction yielded 6.86 grams of 2-{4-[2-chloro-l,2-diphenylvinyl]phenoxy}-N,N- diethylethanamine (8). The phases were separated and the organic phase was evaporated in vacuo. The resulting light brown oil was transferred to a tared amber bottle using a small volume of dichloromethane.
[0055] Using these HPLC conditions, the retention time of product is 15 minutes.
 Chromatographic Separation of Clomiphene Isomers
Clomiphene (mixture of isomers) in free base form obtained by steps 1 and 2 is loaded onto a chromatographic column (e.g. batch high pressure chromatography or moving bed chromatography) using the same solvent as used in steps 1 and 2 (here DCM) in order to separate the cis- and trans-clomiphene isomers. Trans-clomiphene is preferably eluted using a solvent suitable for recrystallization.
Indian (1978), IN 143841
Separation of E- and Z-isomers of clomiphene citrate by high-performance liquid chromatography using methenamine as mobile phase modifier
Journal of Chromatography (1984), 298, (1), 172-4.
J. Med. Chem.196710, 84–86.
Chem Commun (London) 2015, 51(44): 9133
Chem. Commun., 2015, 51, 9133-9136
DOI: 10.1039/C5CC01968K
  Graphical abstract: Transition-metal-free, ambient-pressure carbonylative cross-coupling reactions of aryl halides with potassium aryltrifluoroborates
CN103351304A *Jul 1, 2013Oct 16, 2013暨明医药科技(苏州)有限公司Synthesis method of clomiphene
US2914563 *Aug 6, 1957Nov 24, 1959Wm S Merrell CoTherapeutic composition
US3848030 *Mar 10, 1972Nov 12, 1974Richardson Merrell SpaOptical isomers of binaphthyl-phosphoric acids
US5681863 *Dec 5, 1994Oct 28, 1997Merrell Pharmaceuticals Inc.Non-metabolizable clomiphene analogs for treatment of tamoxifen-resistant tumors
1*RAO ET AL.: "Synthesis of carbon-14 labeled clomiphene.", JOUMAL OF LABELLED COMPOUNDS AND RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS, vol. 22, no. 3, 1985, pages 245 - 255, XP055180053, Retrieved from the Internet <URL:http://onlinelibrary. wiley .com/doi/10.1002/jlcr.2580220306/abstract> [retrieved on 20150504]
//////////энкломифен,  Enclomiphene citrate,  إينكلوميفان , ICI-46476,  RMI-16289, nda filed, Hypogonadism, Repros Therapeutics

Monday, 25 April 2016

Lobeglitazone Sulfate


Lobeglitazone Sulfate, CKD-501
(Duvie®) Approved
Chong Kun Dang (Originator)
A dual PPARα and PPARγ agonist used to treat type 2 diabetes.
Trade Name:Duvie®MOA:Dual PPARα and PPARγ agonistIndication:Type 2 diabetes
CAS No. 607723-33-1(FREE)
763108-62-9(Lobeglitazone Sulfate)
2,4-Thiazolidinedione, 5-((4-(2-((6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)-4- pyrimidinyl)methylamino)ethoxy)phenyl)methyl)-, sulfate (1:1);
Lobeglitazone sulfate.png
Lobeglitazone (trade name DuvieChong Kun Dang) is an antidiabetic drug in the thiazolidinedione class of drugs. As an agonistfor both PPARα and PPARγ, it works as an insulin sensitizer by binding to the PPAR receptors in fat cells and making the cells more responsive to insulin.[3]
Lobeglitazone sulfate was approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (Korea) on July 4, 2013. It was developed and marketed as Duvie® by Chong Kun Dang Corporation.
Lobeglitazone is an agonist for both PPARα and PPARγ, and it works as an insulin sensitizer by binding to the PPAR receptors in fat cells and making the cells more responsive to insulin. It is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes.
Duvie® is available as tablet for oral use, containing 0.5 mg of free Lobeglitazone. The recommended dose is 0.5 mg once daily.
Lobeglitazone which was reported in our previous works belongs to the class of potent PPARα/γ dual agonists (PPARα EC50:  0.02 μM, PPARγ EC50:  0.018 μM, rosiglitazone; PPARα EC50:  >10 μM, PPARγ EC50:  0.02 μM, pioglitazone PPARα EC50:  >10 μM, PPARγ EC50:  0.30 μM). Lobeglitazone has excellent pharmacokinetic properties and was shown to have more efficacious in vivo effects in KKAy mice than rosiglitazone and pioglitazone.17 Due to its outstanding pharmacokinetic profile, lobeglitazone was chosen as a promising antidiabetes drug candidate.

Medical uses

Lobeglitazone is used to assist regulation of blood glucose level of diabetes mellitus type 2 patients. It can be used alone or in combination with metformin.[4]
Lobeglitazone was approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (Korea) in 2013, and the postmarketing surveillance is on progress until 2019.[4][5]

Org. Process Res. Dev. 200711, 190-199.

Process Development and Scale-Up of PPAR α/γ Dual Agonist Lobeglitazone Sulfate (CKD-501)

Process Research and Development Laboratory, Chemical Research Group, Chong Kun Dang Pharmaceutical Cooperation, Cheonan P. O. Box 74, Cheonan 330-831, South Korea, and Department of Chemistry, Korea University, 5-1-2, Anam-Dong, Seoul 136-701, Korea
Org. Process Res. Dev.200711 (2), pp 190–199
DOI: 10.1021/op060087u
Abstract Image
A scaleable synthetic route to the potent PPARα/γ dual agonistic agent, lobeglitazone (1), used for the treatment of type-2 diabetes was developed. The synthetic pathway comprises an effective five-step synthesis. This process involves a consecutive synthesis of the intermediate, pyrimidinyl aminoalcohol (6), from the commercially available 4,6-dichloropyrimidine (3) without the isolation of pyrimidinyl phenoxy ether (4). Significant improvements were also made in the regioselective 1,4-reduction of the intermediate, benzylidene-2,4-thiazolidinedione (10), using Hantzsch dihydropyridine ester (HEH) with silica gel as an acid catalyst. The sulfate salt form of lobeglitazone was selected as a candidate compound for further preclinical and clinical study. More than 2 kg of lobeglitazone sulfate (CKD-5012) was prepared in 98.5% purity after the GMP batch. Overall yield of 2 was improved to 52% from 17% of the original medicinal chemistry route.

Silica gel TLC Rf = 0.35 (detection:  iodine char chamber, ninhydrin solution, developing solvents:  CH2Cl2/MeOH, 20:1); mp 111.4 °C; IR (KBr) ν 3437, 3037, 2937, 2775, 1751, 1698, 1648, 1610, 1503, 1439, 1301, 1246, 1215, 1183 cm-11H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 3.09 (m, 4H), 3.29 (m, 1H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.97 (m, 2H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 4.86 (m, 1H), 6.06 (bs, 1H), 6.86 (m, 2H), 7.00 (m, 2H), 7.13 (m, 4H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 11.99 (s, NH); 13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δ 37.1, 38.2, 53.7, 53.8, 56.3, 62.2, 65.8, 86.0, 115.1, 116.0, 123.0, 129.8, 131.2, 145.7, 153.4, 157.9, 158.1, 161.1, 166.5, 172.4, 172.5, 176.3, 176.5; MS (ESI)m/z (M + 1) 481.5; Anal. Calcd for C24H26N4O9S2:  C, 49.82; H, 4.53; N, 9.68; S, 11.08. Found:  C, 49.85; H, 4.57; N, 9.75; S, 11.15.


  1. Lee JH, Noh CK, Yim CS, Jeong YS, Ahn SH, Lee W, Kim DD, Chung SJ. (2015). "Kinetics of the Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion of Lobeglitazone, a Novel Activator of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma in Rats.".Journal of Pharmaceutical sciences 104 (9): 3049–3059.doi:10.1002/jps.24378PMID 25648999.
  2.  Kim JW, Kim JR, Yi S, Shin KH, Shin HS, Yoon SH, Cho JY, Kim DH, Shin SG, Jang IJ, Yu KS. (2011). "Tolerability and pharmacokinetics of lobeglitazone (CKD-501), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist: a single- and multiple-dose, double-blind, randomized control study in healthy male Korean subjects.". Clinical therapeutics 33 (11): 1819–1830.doi:10.1016/j.clinthera.2011.09.023PMID 22047812.
  3.  Lee JH, Woo YA, Hwang IC, Kim CY, Kim DD, Shim CK, Chung SJ. (2009). "Quantification of CKD-501, lobeglitazone, in rat plasma using a liquid-chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method and its applications to pharmacokinetic studies.". Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 50 (5): 872–877.doi:10.1016/j.jpba.2009.06.003PMID 19577404.
  4.  "MFDS permission information of Duvie Tablet 0.5mg"(Release of Information). Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. Retrieved2014-10-23.
  5.  "국내개발 20번째 신약‘듀비에정’허가(20th new drug developed in Korea 'Duvie Tablet' was approved)". Chong Kun Dang press release. 2013-07-04. Retrieved 2014-10-23.
Systematic (IUPAC) name
Clinical data
Trade namesDuvie
Routes of
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding>99%[1]
Metabolismliver (CYP2C9, 2C19, and 1A2)[1]
Biological half-life7.8–9.8 hours[2]
CAS Number607723-33-1
PubChemCID 9826451
DrugBankDB09198 Yes
Chemical data
Molar mass480.53616 g/mol
///Lobeglitazone Sulfate, CKD-501, Duvie®,  Approved KOREA, Chong Kun Dang, A dual PPARα and PPARγ agonist , type 2 diabetes.